We are expecting that internationally the Hannibal concept will be integrated into the state of the art by 2015 and be successfully carried out at a number of sites.
The project described here is a realistic alternative for Iceland and other countries to make a major contribution against global warming, for sustainability and stability in the procurement of liquid carbohydrates, that are neither poisonous, nor oxidizing fuels, that have high energy densities, by a non polluting process at very competitive costs, both for Iceland´s own needs and export. The implementation of this project will involve many steps. The 1st step was a substantial gathering of data and an initial assessment of the feasibility of the project that has now been completed. A patent application for the Hannibal process has already been submitted to the Patent Office, Iceland, which has forwarded it to the Danish Patent Office (PVS) where it is presently being examined for novelty. A complementary a desk study of the feasibility of the Hannibal process was carried out based on the information available. Its conclusion is that the Hannibal process could yield a very substantial increase in output over the same feedstock input utilized in an auto-thermal process, and it is expected to lead to considerable improvement in the utilization of carbon, energy and the reduction of CO2 emissions. The next step will be opening up the project with respect to international knowledge and the gathering of contacts with international companies, institutions and financing agencies by promotion by direct e-mail and a website where the concept is illustrated and most relevant information is made available. Presently we are striving to get laboratory experiments performed on biomass in the Hannibal environment in order to substantiate the desk calculations already carried out and the resulting theoretical claims. If successful, we will move on to carry out feasibility studies for actual site conditions. Certainly there will be many steps en route and we have designed a template for the erection of a simulated process facility in a project plan in order to get a better understanding of how the various tasks are interconnected, the time frame involved, and what resources will be needed.
Furthermore the possibility of utilizing nuclear energy will be considered, both in order to produce high temperature steam, but also hydrogen, to utilize methane and biomass in an allo-thermal gasification process to produce liquid fuels.