Hannibal has developed a sustainable allo-thermal gasification process to produce liquid fuels and by-products from biomass in Iceland and elsewhere, where conditions are similar.
The Hannibal process offers a realistic alternative to make a major contribution to the alleviation of global warming, for sustainability and stability in the procurement of liquid carbohydrates, that are neither poisonous, nor oxidizing fuels, that have high energy densities, by a non polluting process at very competitive costs, both for Iceland´s own needs and possibly export. In Iceland 30% of the total energy requirements are supplied by liquid fossil energy but 70% by renewable energy sources. It is conceivable that 100% of the energy carriers used in Iceland could be supplied by renewable energy such as high temperature geothermal steam, hydro-electricity and biomass fuels produced in an allo-thermal gasification plant from carbonaceous matter such as wastepaper and/or wood. It is a matter of fact that future generations will have to do without fossil fuels. The Hannibal patented technology targets high energy efficiency of the individual processes and a maximum utilization of raw materials with a focus on the production of environmentally friendly products. The main emphasis is on the use of alternative raw materials such as biomass. These fuels are clean, environmentally compatible and offer better performance than petroleum-based fuels and they can be specifically adapted to the demands of modern engine technology; CO2 emissions are significantly curbed and the dependence on fossil energy sources is overcome.
A patent application for the Hannibal process has already been submitted to the Patent Office, Iceland, which has forwarded it to the Danish Patent Office (PVS) where it is presently being examined for novelty. A complementary desk study of the feasibility of the Hannibal process was carried out based on the available information. Its conclusion is that the Hannibal process could yield a very substantial increase in output compared to an auto-thermal process using the same feedstock input and it is expected to lead to considerable improvement in the utilization of carbon, energy, and in the reduction of CO2 emission. Hannibal was instrumental in making a desk study of an allo-thermal process that yielded the results that an annual feedstock of 1 million tonnes equivalent dry mass might yield an estimated product of 350.000 tonnes of synthetic fuel, 45.000 tonnes of naphtha, 45.000 tonnes of gas and 75.000 tonnes of CaO useful for producing cement. This is a huge value advantage over auto-thermal processes and will more than offset the extra transportation costs involved in the import of feedstock to Iceland.
However these results need to be substantiated with laboratory scale experiments simulating the Hannibal process and a critical report made before a proposal for research feasibility study of a full scale facility could be proposed.
The next step will be opening up the project with respect to international knowledge and the gathering of contacts with international companies, institutions and financing agencies by promotion by direct e-mail and a website where the concept is illustrated and the most relevant information is made available.
Hannibal offers the opportunity to make a country able to produce sufficient renewable energy for its needs and also for export. We are certain that, that our project shows promise and are looking for partners that are experienced in this field, could comment on our project and are interested in collaborating in a mutually beneficial consortium in the development of his concept. If our project were technically and economically feasible it would offer many advantages and could in principle be applied in many other locations around the world.